Ecological Systems Theory Free Essay Example.
Ecological systems theory uses ideas that link together four different social systems that surround an individual; these systems are known as, micro-systems, meso-systems, exo-systems and macro-systems (Healy, 2005). The ecological model is used as a tool. These systems are very structured and use certain processes as guideline.
Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory identifies 5 environmental systems that act with bi-directional influences amongst context and individuals to describe human development. From most intimate to least intimate, the components of this theory include: microsystems, mesosystems, exosystems, macrosystems, and chronosystems (Berk, 2010).
Bronfenbrenner’s ecological system’s theory looks at how a child’s development is influenced by her environment. He recognizes a complex layer of environment with each influencing the development of the child. Among these, he identifies the child’s own biological makeup as the basic environment that stimulates her environment.
The ecological theory as articulated Bronfenbrenner identifies four types of systems that contain roles, norms and rules that shape development. The systems comprise a microsystem, mesosystem, ecosystems, and macrosystem. The microsystem covers the associations and interactions a child has with her immediate environment.
Systems approach is based on the fundamental principle that all aspects of a human problem should be treated together in a rational manner (Healy, 2005). I have divided this essay into relevant sections that cover an overview of systems ideas, general systems theory and ecological systems theory.
Ecological Systems Review The ecological framework facilitates organizing information about people and their environment in order to understand their interconnectedness. Individuals move through a series of life transitions, all of which necessitate environmental support and coping skills.
Essay Urie Bonfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory. In the 1970s, psychologist Urie Bronfenbrenner created the Ecological Systems Theory to explore the notion that a child as an individual and their development is affected by particular environments and relationships during their lifetime.